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Why the SAT Isn’t a ‘Student Affluence Test’

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CHARLES MURRAY, American Enterprise Institute March 24, 2015 7:11 p.m. EThttp://www.wsj.com/articles/charles-murray-why-the-sat-isnt-a-student-affluence-test-1427238664 A lot of the apparent income effect on standardized tests is owed to parental IQ—a fact that needs addressing.

Spring is here, which means it’s time for elite colleges to send out acceptance letters. Some will go to athletes, the children of influential alumni and those who round out the school’s diversity profile. But most will go to the offspring of the upper middle class. We all know why, right? Affluent parents get their kids into the best colleges by sending them to private schools or spending lots of money on test preparation courses. Either way, it perpetuates privilege from generation to generation.

The College Board provides ammunition for this accusation every year when it shows average SAT scores by family income. The results are always the same: The richer the parents, the higher the…